Polio Fears – Part 2: The Shots
The Cure Worse than the Disease
(In case you missed Part 1: What Is Polio? you can read it here)
The Polio Vaccines
Polioviruses are a part of the enterovirus subgroup family called Picornaviridae, small entities with an RNA genome. In the 1950s, three poliovirus serotypes (type1, type 2, and type 3) were identified; developing immunity to one serotype does not protect from illness against the other serotypes.
A polio eradication program conducted by the Pan American Health Organization led to the elimination of polio in the Western Hemisphere in 1991. The Global Polio Eradication Program has dramatically reduced wild poliovirus transmission throughout the world. Type 2 and 3 wild poliovirus have been eradicated worldwide and endemic circulation of type 1 wild poliovirus persists only in two countries, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
There are MANY books on polio and the history of the polio vaccine. I have at least 7 books in my personal library, and I know there are at least several more. So, this is a brief summary, just hitting on the bits you need to know.
The two polio vaccines manufactured in the 1950s are both still in use today. The first was the injectable, inactivated Salk vaccine. A few years later, the Sabin oral polio vaccine was developed and was immediately adopted worldwide. This is how I remember the difference between the two:
· SALK vaccine – IPV - is an INJECTED, INACTIVATED vaccine.
o Injectable and Inactivated both begin with the letter I – and
o The I can visually be thought of as a needle.
· SABIN vaccine – OPV – is administered Orally.
The schedules vary somewhat worldwide, but children receive multiple doses of either the injectable or the oral vaccine. In India, some children have received more than 30 doses of OPV because there are no records of the number of doses that were delivered door-to-door. We will discuss the ramifications of OPV overdose later.
Polio Vaccine Ingredients
IPV contains wild poliovirus strains grown individually in Vero cells, from the kidneys of African Green monkeys. When the viruses are harvested, they are inactivated with formaldehyde. The initial formula developed by Jonas Salk in the 1950s was replaced by an enhanced potency formula in the late 1980s, which contained 40:8:32 units of serotypes 1, 2, and 3, respectively. IPV vaccine is administered by either subcutaneous or intramuscular injection. Now, many polio vaccines used overseas are either fractionated dosages or contain only serotype 1.
Each dose of IPV vaccine contains:
· Residual VERO cells from monkeys
· Antibiotics: neomycin, streptomycin, and polymyxin B
· 2-phenoxyethanol, as a preservative.
Rush To Market
In the 1940s and early 1950s, western Europe and North America lived through summertime terrors brought about by nearly annual ‘polio epidemics.’ In 1952, at the peak incidence in the United States, approximately 21,000 cases of paralytic polio were recorded.
When these stats were gathered and reported, what has conveniently been left out was how many children who experienced asymmetric limb paralysis partially called polio – but went on to fully recover.
Outbreaks seemed to be concentrated in the summer and early autumn. Terrorized parents kept their children away from swimming pools, movie theatres, and other crowded places where they might be exposed to the dreaded virus. At one point, it was thought polio was associated with eating ice cream; so the treat was also avoided.
Salk’s IVP vaccine was put to a massive nationwide test between 1954 and 55. Called the Francis Field Trial after Thomas Francis, Jr., a University of Michigan professor who directed it, the clinical trial involved injecting 1.8 million first, second, and third-grade children - between April 26 and June 15, 1954 - with an experimental drug. . It is still striking that 60– 69% of eligible children were volunteered by their parents to be injected with a completely untested and unproven vaccine in spite of the numerous and highly public discussions of the questionable safety of the IPV.
The COVID-19 shots were not the first to be rushed to market with very little testing and no long-term studies. As we have seen, a similar rush occurred with the polio vaccines in the 1950s and again with the Swine Flu Vaccine Program in 1976. There were no long-term studies and not even any proof that the shot prevented polio, aka ‘acute flaccid paralysis’ and ‘infantile paralysis.’ The lessons from history were not learned and have been repeated.
With most of the data in hand, the trial was declared a success, and after only 2 hours of discussion with the FDA, the Salk vaccine was approved for use with much fanfare and media circus. Church bells rang, TV personalities declared polio “conquered’, and mothers cried while they danced in the street. The shot was released for use on April 12, 1955, the 10-year anniversary of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s (FDR) passing, the global ‘poster boy’ for polio, paralysis, and the beginning of mass vaccination campaigns. Over the next four years, more than 450 million doses of the Salk vaccine were distributed.
However, not everyone went along with the charade. Similar to what was going on behind the scenes as governments and Fauci scrambled to push the COVID-19 shots onto billions around the world, many researchers and scientists tried to stop the release of an untested product, especially targeting children.
One of the First Vaccine Whistleblowers
The story of Dr. Betty Eddy is fascinating. I wish I had known this woman and if she were still alive today, I would love to visit with her and hear about her life’s work in her own words. Her story is long and complicated, filled with manipulation, intrigue, power grabs, and cover-ups. There are several good books on the polio vaccine and the release of SV40 on the world. The two I particularly like are, Dr. Mary’s Monkey and the book The Virus and the Vaccine.
Here is a very brief overview of a very long and complicated story:
It was the responsibility of Dr. Eddy’s team to test each batch of Salk vaccine that was being made by five different manufacturing companies. They were positioned to test each production line for safety.
She said, (quote) “This was a product that had never been made before and they were going to use it right away in children. We had to do our very best to make it safe.”
Working around the clock, she and her staff tested each of the vaccine lots on 18 monkeys. She discovered that the vaccine manufactured by Cutter Laboratories contained residual live poliovirus and the monkeys were paralyzed after the injection. She warned her superiors at the NIH about the problem, urging that the licensing of the polio vaccine be delayed.
Her boss, the NIH director, refused to listen to her warning. He would not delay the release of the Salk vaccine and Dr. Eddy was reprimanded for being “an alarmist.” Disturbingly, he refused to submit her findings to the Presidential Advisory Committee. The contaminated Salk vaccines were released, sickening at least 40,000 children. Of these, 164 were permanently paralyzed and between 10 and 12 children died.
The Cutter Incident: IPV to OPV...back to IPV
The injury and death of children by the mass release of the polio vaccine has been named “The Cutter Incident”, even though both Cutter and Wyeth had released contaminated vaccines. But because the lawsuits mostly involved Cutter’s vaccine, the Company became the scapegoat for the increased rate of vaccine-associated paralysis and other severe side effects that were being reported nationwide.
After the Cutter Incident, manufacturers lost their nerve and refused to make the IPV for several years, migrating to the manufacturer of the OPV. It was considered to be a good product and a better choice: it was easier to manufacture; it was met with less resistance since it was an orally administered product; and it could be used globally without needles and the concern over medical waste. By 1962, all polio vaccines in the US had been changed from IPV to OPV.
However, praise for the OPV started to change in the late 1960s as more cases of paralysis were being reported causally related to the live, attenuated viruses in the OPV vaccine. Between 1979 and 2000, the only cases of acute flaccid paralysis (i.e. ‘polio’) reported in the US were in adults who came in contact with the live virus from someone who had been recently administered the oral polio vaccine.
For example, there was a reported case of a mother becoming paralyzed after being exposed to the vaccine-strain poliovirus from OPV while changing her baby’s diaper. This was one of the seminal cases that started to reverse the use of OPV back to IPV in the US. Parents accepted the 5-injection protocol – given at 2-4-6 and 12 months and then a school booster at 5 years of age – without questioning and offered no resistance. Even the FDA and the Academy of Pediatrics were surprised by the casual acceptance of injecting their infants with foreign matter.
By 2000, the OPV was no longer used in the US but it is still used worldwide as part of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI).
The Global Polio Eradication
The Initiative is a public-private partnership led by national governments with six core partners - the World Health Organization (WHO), Rotary International, the US CDC, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and GAVI, the Vaccine Alliance. Billions of dollars are going to be spent over the next 4 years to eradicate polio worldwide.
[I’ll discuss ‘eradicationism’ in a future substack]
Oh, what poor countries could have done with the billions of dollars wasted chasing a few residual infections and instead could have been provided food, shelter, electricity, potable water, safety, and education?
Return to Dr. Betty Eddy
Although she was disparaged and ignored, Dr. Eddy continued to evaluate the potential long-term effects of the polio vaccines. As an NIH researcher and scientist, she was a relentless, modern-day whistleblower. She tried to save the people of the world from being injected with live polioviruses and she then tried to stop the polio vaccine program because she had found the serum contained tumor-causing SV40 viruses.
By 1962, her investigations had been reproduced by other NIH scientists. In fact, several NIH researchers had established that SV40 could cause a variety of slow-growing cancers. But by then, vaccination had been elevated to the most important cornerstone of public health policy. They, too, were silenced and issued warnings. Like so many who have followed in her footsteps, instead of being rewarded for her efforts, Dr. Eddy’s discovery and concern eventually lead to the loss of her laboratory, her staff, her position at the NIH, and her career.
No recall was issued for any of the vaccines. Between 1955 and 1963, at least 98 million Americans had received multiple doses of the contaminated Salk polio vaccine.
And remember that today, we’re still using the same shots, manufactured in essentially the same way and with the same recipes, that were used in the 1960s.
Please take a few minutes to read my book review of The Virus and the Vaccine here. This book definitively connects the incestuous interrelationships between the federal government, the major governmental health agencies [the FDA, the NIH, the CDC, the National Cancer Institute (NCI)], and the pharmaceutical industry. If there were ever any misgivings about how deeply enmeshed these groups are, this book removes all doubt. The impeccable research exposes the extensive use of power, coercion, and cover-up used to maintain the public’s “confidence in vaccines.”
If only this book had been MANDATORY READING several years ago, we would have seen the Covid-19 shot hoax from its very inception.
For a deeper study of the polio vaccines, go to Learning4You.org and get the courses on Polio. Other courses on smallpox, tetanus, influenza, and more are available through my sister company, Learning4You.org ‘
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